微纳光子学实验室
Nanophotonics Group

Prof. Xiaolong Hu

中文 / English

Books

  1. X. Hu, Smoothing a Critical Transition: Nontechnical Knowledge and Techniques for Student Researchers, 1st ed. 2020, Singapore: Springer. ISBN-10: 9811540349. ISBN-13: 978-9811540349.

Papers

Journal Papers

  1. Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, K. Zou, T. Yang, and X. Hu, “Temperature-dependent characteristics of infrared photodetectors based on surface-state absorption in silicon,” Appl. Opt. 60, 9347-9351 (2021).

  2. J. Yan, S. Liu, X. Lin, Y. Ye, J. Yu, L. Wang, Y. Yu, Y. Zhao, Y. Meng, X. Hu, D. Wang, C. Jin, and F. Liu, “Double-pulse generation of indistinguishable single photons with optically controlled polarization“, Submitted, preprint arXiv:2109.09279.

  3. Y. Meng, K. Zou, N. Hu, L. Xu, X. Lan, S. Steinhauer, S. Gyger, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Fractal superconducting nanowires detect infrared single photons with 91% system efficiency, 1.02 polarization sensitivity, and 21.7 ps timing resolution,” Submitted. preprint arXiv:2012.06730.

  4. X. Hu, N. Hu, K. Zou, Y. Meng, L. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Twenty-year research and development of SNSPDs: review and prospects,” Laser Technology, Accepted. Invited Review Article, in Chinese.

  5. Z. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Zhang, K. Zou, and X. Hu, “Infrared photoconductor based on surface-state absorption in silicon,” Opt. Lett. 46, 2577-2580 (2021).

  6. K. Zou, Y. Meng, L. Xu, N. Hu, Z. Wang, and X. Hu, “Superconducting nanowire photon-number-resolving detectors integrated with current reservoirs,” Phys. Rev. Applied 14, 044029 (2020).

  7. I. Esmaeil Zadeh, J. W. N. Los, R. B. M. Gourgues, J. Chang, A. W. Elshaari, J. R. Zichi, Y. J. van Staaden, J. P. E. Swens, N. Kalhor, A. Guardiani, Y. Meng, K. Zou, S. Dobrovolskiy, A. W. Fognini, D. R. Schaart, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, M. E. Reimer, X. Hu, S. F. Pereira, V. Zwiller, and S. N. Dorenbos, “Efficient single-photon detection with 7.7 ps time resolution for photon correlation measurements,” ACS Photonics 7, 1780-1787 (2020).

  8. K. Zou, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, and X. Hu, “Superconducting nanowire multi-photon detectors enabled by current reservoirs,” Photonics Res. 8, 601-609 (2020).

  9. Y. Meng, K. Zou, N. Hu, X. Lan, L. Xu, J. Zichi, S. Steinhauer, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Fractal superconducting nanowire avalanche photodetector at 1550 nm with 60% system detection efficiency and 1.05 polarization sensitivity,” Opt. Lett. 45, 471-474 (2020).

  10. X. Chi, K. Zou, C. Gu, J. Zichi, Y. Cheng, N. Hu, X. Lan, S. Chen, Z. Lin, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Fractal superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors with reduced polarization sensitivity,” Opt. Lett. 43, 5017-5020 (2018).

  11. X. Xie, X. Chi, K. Cui, and X. Hu, “Design and simulations of an electrically-injected Bragg-reflection-waveguide photon-pair source near 1.3-micrometer wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 6300209 (2018).

  12. Y. Cheng, C. Gu, and X. Hu, “Inhomogeneity-induced timing jitter of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 062604 (2017).

  13. H. Wu, C. Gu, Y. Cheng, and X. Hu, “Vortex-crossing-induced timing jitter of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 062603 (2017).

  14. Z. Wang, H. Wu, X. Hu, N. Zhao, Q. Mo, and G. Li, “Rayleigh scattering in few-mode optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 35844 (2016).

  15. X. Hu, Y. Cheng, C. Gu, X. Zhu, and H. Liu, “Superconducting-nanowire single-photon detectors: recent progress,” Sci. Bull. 60 (23), 1980-1983 (2015). Invited review paper.

    For a full list of publications of Professor Hu, including those published before the group was established, please see Professor Hu’s Google Scholar page: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0Og9LGsAAAAJ&hl=en.

Conference Papers

  1. N. Hu, Y. Feng, L. Xu, Y. Meng, K. Zou, S. Gyger, S. Steinhauer, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, "Photon-counting LIDAR based on a fractal SNSPD," Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2021), paper Tu5E.4, online, June 06 – 11, 2021, presented as an oral presentation on June 08, 2021, Tuesday.

  2. L. Xu, Y. Meng, K. Zou, N. Hu, L. Xu, Y. Cai, S. Gyger, S. Steinhauer, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Timing jitter of fractal superconducting nanowire avalanche photodetectors in the 2-micrometer wavelength range,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2021), paper JW1A.138, online, May 9 – 14, 2021, presented as a poster presentation on May 12, 2021, Wednesday. 

  3. K. Zou, Y. Meng, L. Xu, N. Hu, Z. Wang, and X. Hu, “Superconducting nanowire photon-number-resolving detectors integrated with current reservoirs and yTron readouts,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2021), paper FW2P.4, online, May 9 – 14, 2021, presented as an oral presentation on May 12, 2021, Wednesday.

  4. Z. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Zhang, K. Zou, N. Hu, Y. Meng, L. Xu, and X. Hu, “Characterization of contactless integrated photonic probes on silicon waveguides at cryogenic temperatures,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2021), paper STu4D.6, Online, May 9 – 14, 2021, presented as an oral presentation on May 11, 2021, Tuesday.

  5. Y. Meng, K. Zou, N. Hu, L. Xu, X. Lan, S. Steinhauer, S. Gyger, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Fractal superconducting nanowire avalanche photodetectors with 84% system efficiency at 1600 nm, 1.02 polarization sensitivity, and 29 ps timing resolution,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2021), paper AM1S.2, online, May 9 – 14, 2021, presented as an oral presentation on May 10, 2021, Monday.

  6. K. Zou, Y. Meng, Z. Wang, and X. Hu, “Superconducting nanowire multi-photon detectors,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper FF3D.3, San Jose, California, United States, May 9 – 15, 2020, presented as an oral presentation on May 15, 2020, Friday.

  7. X. Lan, Y. Meng, K. Zou, N. Hu, L. Xu, Z. Wang, X. Cao, J. Zichi, S. Steinhauer, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Fractal superconducting nanowire avalanche photodetector with 60% system efficiency  and 1.05 polarization sensitivity,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper SM3R.1, San Jose, California, United States, May 9 – 15, 2020, presented as an oral presentation on May 11, 2020, Monday.

  8. X. Hu, K. Zou, N. Hu, Y. Meng, L. Xu, X. Lan, X. Chi, C. Gu, Y. Cheng, H. Wu, H. Liu, J. Zichi, and V. Zwiller, “Timing properties of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Proc. SPIE 11027, Quantum Optics and Photon Counting 2019, 1102704, SPIE European Conference on Optics and Optoelectronics, April 1-4, 2019 in Prague, Czech Republic, presented as an invited talk on April 1, 2019, Monday.

  9. X. Hu, N. Hu, Y. Meng, K. Zou, L. Xu, X. Lan, X. Chi, C. Gu, Y. Cheng, H. Wu, J. Zichi, and V. Zwiller, “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors at the infrared spectrum range: detection efficiency and timing jitter,” SPIE Photonics West 2019, Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications XII, paper 109171K, February 2-7, 2019 in San Francisco, USA, presented as an invited talk on February 7, 2019, Thursday.

  10. X. Chi, K. Zou, N. Hu, J. Zichi, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “RF-amplifier-free superconducting nanowire single-photon detector system,” Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP) 2018, paper M2I.3, Hang Zhou, China, October 26-29 2018, presented as an oral presentation on October 29, 2018, Monday.

  11. Y. Cheng, X. Chi, C. Gu, K. Zou, J. Zichi, S. Chen, H. Liu, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Experimental demonstration of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors integrated with current reservoirs,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Pacific Rim 2018, paper W2G.6, Hong Kong, China, July 29 – August 3 2018, presented as an oral presentation on August 1, 2018, Wednesday.

  12. C. Gu, X. Chi, Y. Cheng, J. Zichi, N. Hu, X. Lan, K. Zou, S. Chen, Z. Lin, V. Zwiller, and X. Hu, “Fractal superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors with low polarization sensitivity,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronicsand Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper FW3F.1, San Jose, California, United States, May 13 –18, 2018, presented as an oral presentation on May 16, 2018, Wednesday.

  13. X. Xie, X. Chi, K. Cui, and X. Hu, “Design of a GaInP/AlGaInP electrically-driven photon-pair source near 1.3-micrometer wavelengths,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper JTu2A.138, San Jose, California, United States, May 13 – 18, 2018, presented as a poster presentation on May 15, 2018, Tuesday.

  14. X. Hu, C. Gu, Y. Cheng, Z. Lin, H. Liu, Q. Liu, H. Wu, K. Yin, and X. Zhu, “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors: recent advances,” SPIE European Conference on Optics and Optoelectronics, 1022903, April 23 – 27, 2017 in Prague, Czech Republic. Invited review paper and talk.

  15. Z. Wang, X. Hu, M. Lin, Q. Mo, H. Wen, and G. Li, “Measurements of polarization crosstalk in a polarization-maintaining few-mode optical fiber,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JW2A.70, San Jose, California, United States, May 14 – 19, 2017, presented as a poster presentation on May 17, 2017, Wednesday.

  16. Y. Cheng, H. Liu, C. Gu, X. Zhu, and X. Hu, “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors integrated with current reservoirs,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JW2A.120, San Jose, California, United States, May 14 –19, 2017, presented as a poster presentation on May 17, 2017, Wednesday.

  17. H. Wu, C. Gu, Y. Cheng, and X. Hu, “Vortex-crossing-induced timing jitter of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/The Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper FF1E.5, San Jose, California, United States, May 14 –19, 2017, presented as an oral presentation on May 19, 2017, Friday.

  18. Z. Wang, H. Wu, X. Hu, N. Zhao, Z. Yang, F. Tan, J. Zhao, and G. Li, “Rayleigh backscattering in few-mode optical fibers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America,2016), paper W4F.6, Anaheim, California, United States, March 20 – 24, 2016, presented as an oral presentation on March 23, 2016, Wednesday.

  19. X. Zhu, C. Gu, Y. Cheng, and X. Hu, “Broadband, polarization-insensitive superconducting single-photon detectors based on waveguide-integrated ultra-narrow nanowires,” Optoelectronics and Communications Conference 2015, paper JThE.14, Shanghai, China, June 28 – July 2, 2015, presented as an oral presentation on July 2, 2015, Thursday.

  20. C. Gu, Y. Cheng, X. Zhu, and X. Hu, “Fractal-inspired, polarization-insensitive superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Advanced Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper JM3A-10, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, June 27 – July 1, 2015, presented as a poster presentation on June 29, 2015, Monday.

    For a full list of publications of Professor Hu, including those published before the group was established, please see Professor Hu’s Google Scholar page: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0Og9LGsAAAAJ&hl=en.

Patents

  1. X. Hu, K. Zou, Y. Meng, “A multi-photon coincidence counter,” China Patent #: ZL 2019 1 1006136.2, Issued date: Jul 27, 2021.

  2. X. Hu, K. Zou, Y. Meng, P. Feng, N. Hu, L. Xu, X. Lan, “An optical power meter with broad spectrum range and large dynamic range,” China Patent #: ZL 2019 1 0216756.2, Issued date: Feb 09, 2021.

  3. X. Hu, X. Xie, X. Chi, “A method for simulating electrically-pumped correlated photon-pair sources based on Bragg-reflection waveguides,” China Patent #: ZL 2018 1 0043268.1, Issued date: June 02, 2020.

  4. X. Hu, X. Xie, X. Chi, Z. Wang, T. Li, “A method for enhancing the performance of correlated photon pairs,” China Patent #: ZL 2018 1 0432234.1, Issued date: April 28, 2020.

  5. X. Hu, X. Chi, K. Zou, “An RF-amplifier-free superconducting nanowire single-photon detector system,” China Patent #: ZL 2018 1 0349053.2, Issued date: December 31,2019.

  6. X. Hu, C. Gu, X. Zhu, Y. Cheng, “Parallel electron- and ion-beam lithography systems,” China Patent #: ZL 2015 1 0037979.4, Issued date: August 10, 2018.

  7. X. Hu, Y. Cheng, H. Liu, “A method for simulating the timing jitter of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” China Patent #: ZL 2016 1 0405042.2, Issued date: January 12, 2018.

  8. X. Hu, H. Liu, Y. Cheng, “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors with self-gain structures,” China Patent #: ZL 2016 1 0578034.8, Issued Date: December 19, 2017.

  9. X. Hu, Y. Cheng, C. Gu, X. Zhu, “Flexible, stretchable, reconfigurable photomasks and photolithography on curved surfaces,” China Patent #: ZL 2015 1 0037978.X, Issued date: December 19, 2017.

  10. X. Hu, X. Zhu, Y. Cheng, C. Gu, “Fabrication process using micro- and nano-masks for making nanowire single-photon detectors,” China Patent #: ZL 2015 1 0038797.9, Issued date: December 05, 2017.

Theses

  1. Liang Xu, “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors working at mid-infrared,” Master Thesis, 2021.

  2. Xiaojian Lan, “Optimization design and experimental study of fractal superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Master Thesis, 2020.

  3. Xiaoya Xie, “Electrically injected correlated-photon-pair sources based on semiconductor Bragg reflection waveguides: theoretical study,” Master Thesis, 2018.

  4. Xiaoming Chi, “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors integrated with current reservoirs,” Master Thesis, 2018.

  5. Yuhao Cheng, “Timing jitter of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Master Thesis, 2017. (Excellent master-thesis award at Tianjin University)

  6. Chao Gu, “Polarization-insensitive superconducting single-photon detectors based on the fractal designs of the nanowires,” Master Thesis, 2017.

  7. Zhen Wang, “Optical time-domain reflectometry for few-mode optical fibers,” Master Thesis, 2016. Co-advised with Professor Guifang Li.

  8. Xiaotian Zhu, “Waveguide-integrated infrared superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Master Thesis, 2016.